- What are cookies and why do we use them on this Web page.
A cookie is a file that is downloaded to the user’s device when accessing certain web pages to store and retrieve information about the navigation that is performed from said computer.
Cookies allow said website, among other things, to store and retrieve information about the user’s decisions and habits. In this Web page we use them to improve the experience within our web, identify and remember the registered user and facilitate navigation.
On the Wikipedia page it is possible to obtain more information about what cookies are and how they work. Access Wikipedia here.
- What type of cookies use our website?
Cookies, depending on their permanence, can be divided into session or permanent cookies. The first ones expire when the user closes the browser. The second ones expire in function when the objective for which they serve is fulfilled (for example, so that the user remains identified in the web) or when they are deleted manually.
Additionally, depending on its purpose, Cookies can be classified as follows:
- Performance cookies: this type of Cookie remembers your preferences for the tools found in the services, so you do not have to reconfigure the service each time you visit. As an example, this typology includes:
Volume settings of video or sound players.
The video transmission speeds that are compatible with your browser.
- Geolocation cookies: these Cookies are used to find out in which country you are when a web or service is requested. This Cookie is completely anonymous, and is only used to help guide the content to your location.
- Registration cookies: Registration cookies are generated once the User has registered or subsequently opened their session, and are used to identify you on the web and services with the following objectives:
Keep the user identified so that, if a service or web closes, the browser or the computer and at another time or another day re-enters that service or web, it will remain identified, thus facilitating navigation without having to re-identify. This functionality can be deleted if the user presses the “Exit” functionality, so that this Cookie is deleted and the next time it enters the web the user will have to log in to be identified.
Check if the user is authorized to access certain services or functions of the Web.
Additionally, some services may use third-party connectors such as Facebook, Twitter or Google. When the user registers in a service with credentials of a social network or identification system of third parties, authorizes the same to keep a persistent cookie that remembers his identity and guarantees access to the web until it expires. The user can delete this cookie and revoke access to the website through social networks or third party identification system updating their preferences in the social network that specific.
- Analytics Cookies: Each time a User visits a Web or Service, a tool from an external provider (Google Analytics, comScore and similar) generates an analytical cookie on the user’s device. This cookie that is only generated during the visit, will serve to identify the visitor anonymously. The main objectives that are pursued are:
Allow the anonymous identification of navigating users through the “Cookie” (identifies browsers and devices, not people) and therefore the approximate count of the number of visitors and their trend over time.
Identify anonymously the most visited contents and therefore more attractive for users
Know if the user who is accessing is new or repeat visit.
- Advertising cookies: this type of cookies allow you to expand the information of the ads displayed to each anonymous user on the Web. Among others, it is stored the duration or frequency of display of advertising positions, the interaction with them, or the browsing patterns and / or user behaviors that help to shape a profile of advertising interest. In this way, they allow to offer advertising related to the interests of the user.
- How to disable cookies in the browser
Most browsers currently allow the user to configure if they wish to accept cookies and which ones. These settings are usually found in the ‘options’ or ‘Preferences’ menu of your browser.
These are the instructions to configure cookies in the main browsers:
Chrome: Settings -> Show advanced options -> Privacy -> Content settings.
For more information, you can check Google support or browser Help.
Firefox: Tools -> Options -> Privacy -> History -> Custom Settings.
For more information, you can check Mozilla support or browser Help.
Internet Explorer: Tools -> Internet Options -> Privacy -> Configuration.
For more information, you can consult Microsoft support or browser Help.
Safari: Preferences -> Security.
For more information, you can check Apple support or browser Help.
If you want to know the detailed information of the New Law of Spanish Cookies, click here. (document in .PDF)