CÓRDOBA AND ITS HISTORY:
Cordoba is one of the oldest cities in Europe. Founded by the Roman consul Marco Claudio Marcelo in the middle of the II century a. of C., represents an extraordinary symbiosis of East and West. Two millennia of history have given entity and thickness to the time of Cordoba, making it habitable, elastic.
Córdoba is a crossroads, a privileged enclave between the mountains, the Guadalquivir valley and the countryside, and has been four times capital throughout its history. Capital of the Bética, the most Romanized province of the Empire. Capital of the Omeya Caliphate in the 10th century. Capital of Judaism thanks to its Jewry and Maimonides. And capital of the Christian frontier during the last centuries of the Reconquest. All this has left us a heritage of the first magnitude in the form of walls, bridges, temples, convents, statues, manor houses, traditions, historical documentation, archaeological sites and well-known figures. Most of this heritage was designated by UNESCO, in 1994, a World Heritage Site.
Séneca, Lucano, Osio, Abderramán I, Abderramán III, Alhakén II, Maimónides, Averroes, Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba “the Great Captain”, Luis de Góngora, the Duke of Rivas, Julio Romero de Torres or the bullfighter “Manolete”, are Cordovan characters protagonists in the story. And for Córdoba passed and wrote decisive pages Julius Caesar, the Catholic Kings, Christopher Columbus and Miguel de Cervantes, among others.